Clients who have experienced childhood traumas that have impacted their sense of safety and capacity to form close relational bonds in adulthood need a modification to the standard EMDR protocol. These injuries can include physical and sexual abuse, early losses, neglect, birth trauma, medical trauma, parental drug and alcohol abuse, and caregiver misattunement. Children with traumatized parents can also take into their neuro networks the parents pain, distress and dysfunctional belief systems. Additionally, children who need to adopt a "false self," in order to repress feelings and emotions, or who needed to adapt to the needs of their caregivers for attachment, can also benefit from AF-EMDR. Attachment wounds and developmental deficits are healed through the installation of attachment based emotions in the neural networks of the brain.As the healing process progresses, clients will have the ability to regulate distressful emotions, resolve the attachment wound, and establish deeper connections with others.